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Natural World

Theories On The Scrap Heap

Scientists and Philosophers on the Falsification, Rejection, and Replacement of Theories
Format: Paperback
Pages: 216
ISBN: 9780822958734
Pub Date: 07 Apr 2005
Description:
In a recent issue of the Atlantic Monthly, Cullen Murphy wrote that "It is always a little disconcerting when audacious scientific theories come a cropper." In this case, he was speaking of Stephen Hawking's now self-repudiated idea that information swallowed by cosmic black holes might be escaping into "baby universes." John Losee looks at the subject of rejected scientific theories through an analysis of case studies from more than two centuries of science.
Biosphere to Lithosphere Cover Biosphere to Lithosphere Cover
Format: 
Pages: 176
ISBN: 9781842171189
Pub Date: 25 Feb 2005
Imprint: Oxbow Books
Series: Proceedings of the 9th ICAZ Conference
Pages: 160
ISBN: 9781785704604
Pub Date: 15 Oct 2016
Imprint: Oxbow Books
Series: Proceedings of the 9th ICAZ Conference
Description:
Taphonomic studies are a major methodological advance, the effects of which have been felt throughout archaeology. Zooarchaeologists and archaeobotanists were the first to realise how vital it was to study the entire process of how food enters the archaeological record, and taphonomy brought to a close the era when the study of animal bones and plant remains from archaeological sites were regarded mainly as environmental indicators.This volume is indicative of recent developments in taphonomic studies: hugely diverse research areas are being explored, many of which would have been totally unforeseeable only a quarter of a century ago.
Appalachian Winter Cover
Format: Paperback
Pages: 256
ISBN: 9780822958628
Pub Date: 20 Jan 2005
Description:
Winter is the season that most tests our mettle. There are the obvious challenges of the weather-freezing rain, wind chill, deep snow, dangerous ice-but also the psychological burdens of waiting for spring and the enduring often false starts that accompany its eventual return. On the surface, perhaps, winter might seem an odd season for a nature book, but there is plenty of beauty and life in the woods if only we know where to look.
Landscapes for the World Cover
Format: Paperback
Pages: 235
ISBN: 9780954557591
Pub Date: 01 Dec 2004
Imprint: Windgather Press
Illustrations: 66 b/w figs, 15 col pls
Description:
Since 1972 UNESCO has been compiling a list of World Heritage sites, worthy of protection and conservation for the long-term. Written by someone who has been involved with the selection of sites for UNESCO, this book presents a personal insight into the process and what inspires and guides the decision-making of its members. Peter Fowler examines the idea of a `cultural landscape', how it is defined and why some landscapes are important and others less so.

Garbage In The Cities

Refuse Reform and the Environment
Format: Paperback
Pages: 320
ISBN: 9780822958574
Pub Date: 23 Nov 2004
Series: History of the Urban Environment
Description:
As recently as the 1880s, most American cities had no effective means of collecting and removing the mountains of garbage, refuse, and manure-over a thousand tons a day in New York City alone-that clogged streets and overwhelmed the senses of residents. In his landmark study, Garbage in the Cities, Martin Melosi offered the first history of efforts begun in the Progressive Era to clean up this mess.Since it was first published, Garbage in the Cities has remained one of the best historical treatments of the subject.
Atlantic Connections and Adaptations Cover
Format: Paperback
Pages: 288
ISBN: 9781842171066
Pub Date: 15 Nov 2004
Imprint: Oxbow Books
Series: Symposia of the Association for Environmental Archaeology
Illustrations: 101 b/w figs, 33 tbs
Description:
Maritime communications have played a vital role in shaping both human cultures and the biogeography of the North Atlantic Realm, a region containing discrete groups of islands separated by deep water. The aim of this volume is to explore the diversity of human environments and cultural adaptations present within the eastern part of the North Atlantic Realm, from Scotland and Norway in the East to Iceland in the West. The papers explore a number of key themes, including: the origins of flora and fauna of the North Atlantic Realm and the introduction of non-indigenous species in post-glacial periods; the various stages of human colonisation, from the explorations of Mesolithic hunter-gatherers in the Hebridean islands to the Norse settlement of the Faroes, Iceland and Greenland during the 8th to 10th centuries AD, and how each stage of colonisation has had its own ecological characteristics and consequences for indigenous flora and fauna; the influence of climatic variability and extreme episodic events on local environments and human settlement patterns; and the establishment and development of human exchange and trade networks and how they have affected the range of resources available for human exploitation, from agricultural domesticates to the development of the Flemish sea fishery.
From megaliths to metals Cover
Format: Hardback
Pages: 272
ISBN: 9781842171516
Pub Date: 14 Sep 2004
Imprint: Oxbow Books
Description:
A truly multi-disciplinary book allowing the reader to gain insights into an exceptionally diverse set of topics such as hunting, burial, sword-production and rock art, from the Mesolithic to the Middle Ages.
Ancient Fishing and Fish Processing in the Black Sea Region Cover
Format: Hardback
Pages: 222
ISBN: 9788779340961
Pub Date: 30 Jun 2004
Series: Black Sea Studies
Description:
This volume challenges the orthodox view that fishing and fish played only a marginal role in the economy of the ancient world. In fact, there is archaeological evidence for ancient fish processing on a commercial scale not only in the Mediterranean itself, but also on the Atlantic coast and in the Black Sea region, especially the Crimea. Our literary sources testify to the widespread culinary and medicinal use of salted fish and fermented fish sauces in antiquity, and especially in the first centuries AD.
Ecotourism in Appalachia Cover
Format: Hardback
Pages: 320
ISBN: 9780813122885
Pub Date: 20 Feb 2004
Illustrations: photos
Description:
Tourism is the world's largest industry, and ecotourism is rapidly emerging as its fastest growing segment. As interest in nature travel increases, so does concern for conservation of the environment and the well-being of local peoples and cultures. Appalachia seems an ideal destination for ecotourists, with its rugged mountains, uniquely diverse forests, wild rivers, and lively arts culture.
Agrarian Kentucky Cover
Format: Paperback
Pages: 152
ISBN: 9780813190525
Pub Date: 01 Mar 2003
Illustrations: illus
Description:
For subsistence farmers in eastern Kentucky, wealthy horse owners in the central Bluegrass, and tobacco growers in Western Kentucky, land was, and continues to be, one of the commonwealth's greatest sources of economic growth. It is also a source of nostalgia for a people devoted to tradition, a characteristic that has significantly influenced Kentucky's culture, sometimes to the detriment of education and development.As timely now as when it was first published, Thomas D.
The English Model Farm Cover
Format: Paperback
Pages: 250
ISBN: 9780953863051
Pub Date: 01 Dec 2002
Imprint: Windgather Press
Illustrations: 21 col pls, 156 b/w illus
Description:
During the Agricultural Revolution, the landowners of Britain constructed an enormous range of picturesque or classical buildings on their farms, inspired by Enlightenment ideals. These model farms, a phenomenan unique to Britain, are a significant yet largely undiscovered aspect of our heritage. This book is richly illustrated with interior and exterior photographs, most of them specially commissioned, as well as plans, paintings and historic photographs.
Enduring Records Cover
Format: Hardback
Pages: 320
ISBN: 9781842170489
Pub Date: 25 Oct 2001
Imprint: Oxbow Books
Series: WARP Occasional Papers
Illustrations: b/w figs and illus
Description:
In rare instances prehistoric peoples and/or their most fragile creations are preserved when they become accidentally or intentionally entombed in environments that have remained constantly wet, dry, or frozen. The finds are particularly informative when skeletons retain flesh, internal organs, and clothes, and when they are accompanied by items of personal adornment or weaponry made of wood, cordage or bone in addition to the more common stone and pottery objects. Well-known examples of this kind of survival include the bog-bodies of northern Europe, the Iceman of the Alps, Egyptian and Peruvian mummies, Swiss lake settlements, and in North America, the Ozette Village on the Olympic Peninsula, and Key Marco on Florida's lower Gulf Coast.

On The Border

An Environmental History Of San Antonio
Format: Hardback
Pages: 304
ISBN: 9780822941637
Pub Date: 25 Oct 2001
Series: History of the Urban Environment
Description:
Over the past 300 years, settlement patterns, geography, and climate have greatly affected the ecology of the south Texas landscape. Drawing on a variety of interests and perspectives, the contributors to On the Border probe these evolving relationships in and around San Antonio, the country's ninth-largest city. Spanish, Mexican, and American settlers required open expanses of land for agriculture and ranching, displacing indigenous inhabitants.
Aspects of Arctic and Sub-Arctic History Cover
Format: Hardback
Pages: 620
ISBN: 9789979544357
Pub Date: 01 May 2001
Imprint: University of Iceland Press
Description:
This book presents over sixty papers, the proceedings of the International Congress on the History of the Arctic and Sub-Arctic region held in Rekjavik, 18th-21st June 1998. The contributions are by scholars from eleven countries and deal with a wide variety of subjects.
Plants in Neolithic Britain and Beyond Cover
Format: Paperback
Pages: 210
ISBN: 9781842170274
Pub Date: 01 Dec 2000
Imprint: Oxbow Books
Series: Neolithic Studies Group Seminar Papers
Illustrations: b/w figs
Description:
Plant-centred issues are fundamental in the definitions and explanations of the Neolithic as a phenomenon.The meeting of the Neolithic Studies Group from which this volume developed aimed to provide a forum for the wide range of approaches now applied to Neolithic archaeobotany at site and landscape scales of resolution.
Taphonomy and Interpretation Cover
Format: Paperback
Pages: 120
ISBN: 9781842170045
Pub Date: 01 Dec 2000
Imprint: Oxbow Books
Series: Symposia of the Association for Environmental Archaeology
Description:
Papers from the 1993 Association for Environmental Archaeology conference at Durham. The themes of the conference were taphonomy and interpretation, to encourage spreakers to go beyond data acquisition and description. This volume looks at how material (pollen, insects, bones etc.